Plant diseases are the results of living (biotic) agents or pathogens within the growing environment. These pathogens can be spread from an infected plant or plant debris to a healthy plant. Microorganisms that cause plant diseases include nematodes, fungi, bacteria, and mycoplasmas. We also classify viruses and viroids as biotic agents because they must have living cells for reproduction and are composed of nucleic acid and protein.
Fungicides and insecticides are conventional agrochemicals used to mitigate plant diseases. However, as these pathogens are living orgasms and can build their defences over time, many have developed resistance against these chemicals and active compounds, leading to the use of new and more potent or toxic active compounds, and the cycle continues.
OCC, due to its unique mode of action, can enhance the efficacy of many of these protection chemicals, ranging from 50% to 100%, and hugely reduce infection rate and raise productivity. In many instances, the chemical dosage can also be reduced by 30% to 50% from the label’s recommendation, hence lowering chemical stress to the plant.
A popular and more sustainable option that has been successfully implemented and adopted in many markets is the use of Hydrogen Peroxide (H₂O₂) in combination with OCC. The approach utilises a single oxygen molecule to eliminate the fungal, viral and anaerobic bacterial pathogen, leaving only water (H₂O) as residue.